IFSC Physiotherapy & sports injury clinic

Knee cap pain

Posted by Aoife Harvey MISCP IFSC Physio on Nov 19, 2015 4:30:00 PM

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Also known as patellofemoral pain, anterior knee pain, runners knee and jumpers knee. This occurs in 3-20% of the active population. 

The patella (knee cap) slides up and down the femoral groove when the knee joint flexes (bends).  Pain in the patella can result from maltracking of the patella caused by faulty movement patterns in the hip, femur, tibia (shin bone), foot and knee.


Treatment approaches include orthotic prescription, patella taping, quadriceps strengthening (including vastus medialis oblique) and strengthening of the hip muscles (in particular the gluteus medius and maximus) 

Specific glutes exercises include 






Side steps


The most recent systematic review, published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, specifically supports the use of proximal (hip/core) muscle strengthening for patients with patellofemoral pain 



If you suffer with patellofemoral pain (knee cap pain) contact your chartered physiotherapist for treatment and advice 

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